L’Esercito Russo Napoleonico, 1812

Fanteria Regiments, Brigades e Divisions

Reggimento fanteria russo di libava, 1812

Following the disastrous defeat at Austerlitz, in 1805, the Russian military administration was reorganized. The system of military disctricts, called Inspections, was maintained only in the Caucasus, Orenburg e Siberian region. In other parts of the country, 13 mixed divisions of fanteria, cavalleria pesante e leggera, artiglieria leggera, pesante ed a cavallo were formed. The new system was an improvement, but it still was no match for the system francese of grouping separate e homogeneous fanteria e cavalleria divisions only at the corps level. The system francese empowered the division commanders, allowing him to focus on his particular arm of service, leaving the combined arms operations to dedicated staff officers ed aides-de-camp at the corps level. On the move, cavalleria francese divisions were no longer held in check by their slower fanteria comrades, they scouted the operational area for likely targets e kept the enemy engaged until the fanteria divisions came up e took over.

General russo Barclay de Tolly recognized the advantages of the corps system and he introduced it in the armata russa in 1812. Fanteria divisions were standardized at due fanteria brigades plus one Jäger brigade of due regiments each. The due standing grenadier divisions differed in that they did not have a Jäger brigade, probably because the granatieri could be expected to fulfill the role of skirmishing fanteria leggera equally well. Some divisions were understrength, lacking a reggimento o a Jäger regiment. The 19th e 20th division were overstrength, both had an additional 5th reggimento fanteria e the 20th had an additional Jäger regiment.

Regiments of a division were distinguished by differently coloured shoulder-straps: 1st reggimento red, 2nd white, 3rd yellow, 4th green con red edging, 5th light blue, cacciatori yellow o light blue. Red shoulder-straps were worn in the standing grenadier regiments. Converged grenadier regiments were made up of compagnie di granatieri of the (2o) battaglioni depot of the reggimenti fanteria di linea, e they wore the shoulder-straps of their parent regiments. Divisional numbers were embroidered in red, o yellow on red straps.

Guard Division

  • Preobraschenski Life-Guard (3 battaglioni)
  • Ssemenovski Life-Guard (3 battaglioni)
  • Ismailovski Life-Guard (3 battaglioni)
  • Litovski Life-Guard (3 battaglioni)
  • Life-Guard cacciatori
  • Finland Life-Guard cacciatori

1st Fanteria Division

  • Leib-Granatieri
  • Count Araktschejew Granatieri-Regiment
  • Pavlov Granatieri-Regiment
  • Jektarinoslav Granatieri-Regiment
  • St. Petersburg Granatieri-Regiment
  • Tauride Granatieri-Regiment

2nd Fanteria Division

  • Kiev Grenadier-Regiment
  • Moskau Grenadier-Regiment
  • Astrakhan Grenadier-Regiment
  • Fanagoria Grenadier-Regiment
  • Siberia Grenadier-Regiment
  • Little Russia Grenadier-Regiment

3rd Grenadier Division, 22 combined battaglioni di granatieri

Combined Grenadier Division of 5th Corps, 26 battaglioni di granatieri

Combined Grenadier Division of Corps Kamenski, 18 battaglioni di granatieri

Controspalline dei Reggimenti di Fanteria Russi delle Guerre Napoleoniche

Div./Corpo rosso bianco giallo verde/rosso blu chiaro
3./III. Reval Murmansk Chernigov Koporsk
4./II. Krementschug Minsk Tobolsk Volhynia
5./I. Ssievski Gr. Kaluga Perm Mohilev
6./Finland Brjansk Nisov Uglich Azov
7./VI. Pskov Moscow Libau Sofia
8./Turkey Ukraine Archangel Schlüsselburg Old-Ingermanland
9./Markow Nascheburg Riazsk Apsheron Yakutsk
10./Turkey Bielostok Crimea Kursk Jaroslaw
11./IV. Kexholm Gr. Pernau Podolsk Jelez
12./VII. Smolensk Narva Alexopol New-Ingermanland
13./Turkey Galitsch Veliki-Luki Penza Saratov
14./I. Tula Navaginsk Estonia Tenginsk
15./Markow Vitebsk Koslov Kolyvan Kura
16./– Neuschlot Okhotsk Kamenchatka Mingrelia
17./II. Rjasan Bjelosersk Vilmannstrand Brest
18./Kamenski Vladimir Tambov Kostroma Dnieper
19./Georgien Kazan Ssusdal Bielov Sewastopol Vologda
20./Georgien Grusinia Chersson Troitsk Tiflis Kabardinsk
21./Finland Petrovsk Podolia Neva Litauen
22./Turkey Vjatka Stawropol Olonetz Vyburg
23./IV. Riga Ektarinburg Seleguinsk
24./VI. Ufa Shirvan Boutyrk Tomsk
25./Finland 1. Marine 2. Marine 3. Marine Woronesh
26./VII. Lagoda Poltava Nishegorod Orel
27./VIII. Odessa Zhitomir Vilna Simbirsk

Controspalline dei Reggimenti di Cacciatori Russi delle Guerre Napoleoniche

Division / Corpo giallo blue chiaro
3./III. 20. Jäger-Regiment 21. Jäger-Regiment
4./II. 4. Jäger-Regiment 34. Jäger-Regiment
5./I. 23. Jäger-Regiment 24. Jäger-Regiment
6./Finland 3. Jäger-Regiment 35. Jäger-Regiment
7./VI. 11. Jäger-Regiment 36. Jäger-Regiment
8./Turkey 7. Jäger-Regiment 37. Jäger-Regiment
9./Markow 10. Jäger-Regiment 38. Jäger-Regiment
10./Turkey 8. Jäger-Regiment 39. Jäger-Regiment
11./IV. 1. Jäger-Regiment 33. Jäger-Regiment
12./VII. 6. Jäger-Regiment 41. Jäger-Regiment
13./Turkey 2. Jäger-Regiment 22. Jäger-Regiment
14./I. 25. und 26. Jäger-Regiment
15./Markow 13. Jäger-Regiment 14. Jäger-Regiment
17./II. 30. Jäger-Regiment 48. Jäger-Regiment
18./Kamenski 28. Jäger-Regiment 32. Jäger-Regiment
19./Georgien 16. und 17. Jäger-Regiment
20./Georgien 9. und 15. Jäger-Regiment 46. Jäger-Regiment
21./Finland 2. Jäger-Regiment 44. Jäger-Regiment
22./Turkey 29. Jäger-Regiment 45. Jäger-Regiment
23./IV. 18. Jäger-Regiment
24./VI. 19. Jäger-Regiment 40. Jäger-Regiment
25./Finland 31. Jäger-Regiment 47. Jäger-Regiment
26./VII. 5. Jäger-Regiment 42. Jäger-Regiment
27./VIII. 49. Jäger-Regiment 50. Jäger-Regiment

The divisions sul fronte turco were released after the trattato di pace di 1812 coll’Impero Ottomano. Some of these formations were re-deployed against the armata francese, causing the enemy significant problems during the withdrawal e the crossing of the Beresina.

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Soldatini Russi delle Guerre Napoleoniche