Fanteria Prussiana delle Guerre Napoleoniche, 1813–1815

Recensione dei Figurini Revell in Scala 1:72

Fanteria Prussiana delle Guerre Napoleoniche, 1813–1815, 1:72 Soldatini Revell 02580

Soldati prussiani del 9o (Colberg) Reggimento Fanteria wearing the 1813 field uniform con shakò covers e rolled cloaks carried across the left shoulder. The soldatini are ideal for wargaming e dioramas.

Contenuto

42 soldatini in 12 posture – 22.5 mm pari a 162 cm di altezza

  • Captain o mounted Staff Officer
  • Lieutenant con drawn Sword
  • NCO, avanzando (2)
  • Portabandiera, avanzando
  • Drummer, avanzando
  • Musketier march-attack (5)
  • Musketier, avanzando (6)
  • Musketier, assaltando (4)
  • Musketier standing con levelled Bayonet (5)
  • Musketier ready to fire (5)
  • Musketier standing, sparando (6)
  • Musketier loading (5)

1 cavallo

Wars of Liberation

Fanteria Prussiana 1813–1815
Fanteria Prussiana 1813–1815
Prussian infantry 1813–1815

Napoleon's army of invasion withdrew from Russia in ottobre of 1812 to avoid the harsh winter e the enormous supply problems associated con it. Unbeaten on the battlefield, the army was decimated by cold, hunger e relentless attacks by truppe russe e cavalleria Cosaca. The remnants of the Grande Armée dissolved upon crossing the Beresina, 26th - 28th novembre, many units were down to a handful of ufficiali con very few men under their command. Prussia ed Austria had been forced to provide an auxiliary corps for the invasion of Russia e they now had ample opportunity to extract their forces from the armata francese ed enter into trattato negotiations con the victorious russi. Prussia cautiously approached both sides about the issue, the Austrian sat back ed observed the developments. Austria had challenged the francesi twice, in 1805 e 1809, e lost decisively, this time they wanted to be sure that another coalition would be successful before they joined it:

  • 30th Dec. 1812. General Yorck allows his auxiliary corps prussiano to become separated from the Grande Armée, ed is promptly engaged by superior truppe russe. Without authorization from the King prussiano, General Yorck enters into negotiations con Clausewitz ed other patriots prussiani serving in the armata russa. Yorck e general russo Diebitsch agree on neutrality status for the corps prussiano at the Convention of Tauroggen. A popular uprising begins in East Prussia e gradually spreads to other parts of the country.
  • 22nd Jan. 1813. The court prussiano moves to Breslau in the province of Silesia, in an effort to evade military authorities francese in control of Prussia. Secret negotiations con Paris continue at the same time that Scharnhorst ed other patriots champion an alliance con russian ed Austria. The Government is divided on the issue.
  • 28th Jan. Scharnhorst appointed chief of the Commission for Rearming Prussia.
  • 2nd Feb. truppe russe cross the Vistula ed advance on Berlin.
  • 3rd Feb. Directive regulating the formation of volunteer Jäger detachments in all line regiments. Many Freikorps are raised. The famous Freischar Lützow is popularized by Theodor Körner, poet e freedom fighter, who serves in their ranks e writes stirring songs to support the cause.
  • 9th Feb. Customary excemptions from military service are suspended, effectively resulting in universal conscription, even if only for the duration of the war e limited to certain age groups.
  • 20th Feb. Berlin occupied by Cosacchi russi.
  • 28th Feb. Alliance between Russia e Prussia. Freiherr vom Stein had been sent to Breslau as the Czar's representative, demanding the formation of an alliance against Napoleon.
  • 16th marzo. dichiarazione di guerra prussiana contro la Francia.
  • 17th marzo. Landwehr Edict. Directive regulating the formation of the Landwehr milizia, based on Scharnhorst's publications supporting universal conscription.
  • 20th marzo. Landsturm Edict. Scharnhorst e Gneisenau introduced the idea of an armed populace, but this was not completamente implemented by the government prussiano. In light of the Rivoluzione Francese it is not surprising that the monarchy did not support the idea of a nation in arms.
  • 2nd maggio. The Battle of Großgörschen (Lützen) results in a victory francese, but Scharnhorst is confident that the engagement significantly improved the cohesion between truppe russe e Prussian. Scharnhorst is wounded in the foot. The bullet can be removed, but the General takes no leave to heal the wound, traveling to Vienna to negotiate con Austria, instead. Scharnhorst's condition suddenly worsenes, he is taken to Prague to undergo surgery again, e dies there on 28th giugno 1813.
  • 20th & 21st Mai. Napoleons prevails at the Battle of Bautzen. The allied army withdraws to Silesia.
  • Giugno-Agosto. Armistice followed by unsuccessful peace negotiations at Prague.
  • 12th Aug. Austria joins la Russia, Prussia, Svezia e Gran Bretagna in their Alliance against Napoleon.
  • 23rd Aug. Bülow defeats Oudinot at Großbeeren.
  • 26th Aug. Blücher defeats MacDonald at the Katzbach near Wahlstatt.
  • 26th & 27th Aug. Napoleon defeats Schwarzenberg at the Battle of Dresden.
  • 29th & 30th Aug. Vandamme pursues Schwarzenberg ed attacks the russi at Kulm. The Prussians counter-attack, e Kleist's flanking action at Nollendorf results in a brilliant victory. Vandamme e 10,000 men are captured.
  • 6th Sept. Bülow e Tauentzien defeat Ney at the Battle of Dennewitz.
  • 3rd Oct. Engagement between Yorck e Marmont at Wartenburg.
  • 8th Oct. Bavaria joins the Alliance against Napoleon.
  • 16th, 18th & 19th Oct. Battle of Nations at Leipzig. On the 16th, Napoleon fights at Wachau without reaching a decision, but Blücher defeats Marmont at Möckern. On the 18th, approximately 255,000 allied soldiers launch an all-out attack against 160,000 men under Napoleon, achieving a complete victory. Saxon e Württemberg troops desert Napoleon during the Battle, going over to the allies. Leipzig is assaulted e taken on the 19th, Napoleon begins his retreat to Francia.
  • 30th & 31st Oct. The remnants of Napoleon's army encounter un armata austro-bavarese under General Wrede at Hanau, blocking their access to the Rhine crossings. At the Battle of Hanau, i francesi are able to defeat the enemy e continue their withdrawal.
  • 1st Jan. 1814. Blücher e the 1st Silesian Army cross the Rhine at Caub, the advance on Paris continues.
  • 31st marzo 1814. The allied armies march into Paris. Napoleon abdicates and is banished to Elba. Francia returns to its 1792 borders e Bourbon rule isrestored.
  • 1st marzo 1815. Napoleon lands in Francia e raises a new army.
  • 16th giugno. Blücher is defeated at the Battle of Ligny, but he manages to evade Grouchy's pursuit. Wellington defeats Ney at Quatre Bras.
  • 18th giugno. Battle of Waterloo (Belle Alliance). Wellington is just able to maintain his position against determined attacks francesi, e the arrival dell'armata prussiana under Blücher turns the battle in favor of the allies. Gneisenau pursues e completely disperses the remnants dell'armata francese. Napoleon is banished to St. Helena e dies there on 05 maggio 1821, at age 52.

The 1813 field uniform con the typical shakò cover was issued to the guard e the original 12 line regiments initially. In 1815, reserve regiments, Freicorps e battaglioni stranieri were taken into the line e numbered 13 to 32. These units should have received the new uniform as well, but in practise this was rarely achieved. The resources were not available to clothe e re-equip the men. Accordingly, many of the former reserve e Freicorps units continued to serve in their old uniforms at Waterloo.

Valutazione

Nicely detailed soldatini. Folds in the clothing, collars e facings, shakò covers, rolled cloaks, canteens, gaiters, belts, buttons, pouches, sabres, muskets e metal fittings are well sculpted ed easy to paint. The soldatini are noticeably shorter e slimmer than the Napoleonic soldatini from other manufacturers o even Revell's own granatieri della Guardia Imperiale francese.

Useful historic poses. The soldatini appear very natural, because of the standard poses which have been used. All of the 42 soldiers make excellent wargame e diorama soldatini which may be deployed in firing, avanzando, defending e marching units.

Moschettieri, Grendadiers e Guards prussiani were distinguished by different shakò plates e plumes. On campaign, plumes were not usually worn e shakò plates were not visible underneath the shakò cover. As a result, these soldatini can be used to portray all tre of the above troop types. Practise prussiano was to combine the granatieri di linea into separate battaglione granatieri which served as a tactical reserve. In 1814, the six existing battaglioni di granatieri were permanently combined to form due Grenadier Regiments, named Kaiser Alexander e Kaiser Franz in honor of the Russian ed Austrian Emperors, respectively. In 1815, these regiments joined the 7th (Guard) Corps, which was still in Berlin when the allied victory at the Battle of Waterloo ended hostilities.

Correct painting instructions on the box: Uniform e flag of the 9th (Colberg) Reggimento, 1813–1815. Major Gneisenau e the garrison of the Pommeranian fortress of Colberg were among the few forze prussiane which successfully withstood the francesi in 1807. When the armata prussiana was reorganized in 1808, due reggimenti were formed from the men of the Colberg garrison, Nr. 9 (1. Brandenburg) Leib-Regiment e Nr. 10 (Colberg) Reggimento, to commemorate their gallant defense. During the armistice, 4th giugno to 12th agosto 1813, the Guard (Nr. 8) was taken out of the line e line regiments numbered 9-12 moved up one slot. Accordingly, the Leib-Regiment became Nr. 8 e Colberg Nr. 9. To fill the gap, a new 12th reggimento was formed from due battaglioni reserve of the Leib-Regiment e the 3rd Battalion 6th (1st West Prussian) Regiment.

Good casting quality. Mold lines e some flash around bayonets, sabres e cloaks needs to be removed prima di dipingere.

Fucilieri not included. Following the reorganisation dell'armata prussiana, in 1808, fucilieri were taken into the reggimenti di linea to form the third battaglioni. They had the same blue uniform as the moschettieri con the exception that their crossbelts were black e the ammo pouch was worn in front, not on the right hip. Instead of the sabre, fucilieri carried the shorter Faschinenmesser, an engineering tool con a straight blade. The historically correct figure mix would have required 14 fucilieri per box.

Volunteer cacciatori are not included. The 1813 directive regulated that the line regiments of fanteria e cavalleria were to include detachments of volunteer cacciatori. I cacciatori wore green uniforms con the same facings as the parent reggimento, black crossbelts, waist-belt con an ammo pouch in front. Instead of the sabre, cacciatori were armed con the Hirschfänger sword-bayonet, e their hunting rifles were noticeably shorter than fanteria muskets regolari.

Utilizzo Storico

  • 1o e 2o Battaglione, 2o Reggimento di Guardia a Piedi, 1813–1815
    Red collar e facings, white shoulder-straps e brass buttons.
  • Reggimento Granatieri Kaiser Alexander, 1814–1815
    Consisting of the Leib-Grenadierbattalion - due Grenadier Companies each from Nr. 8 (Leib-Regiment) e 1o Reggimento di Guardia – The 1o (Nr. 1/Nr. 3) e 2o East Prussian Battaglione Granatieri (Nr. 4/Nr. 5).
  • Reggimento Granatieri Kaiser Franz 1814–1815
    Consisting of the Pommeranian (Nr. 2/Nr. 9), West Prussian (Nr. 6/Nr. 7) e Silesian Battaglione Granatieri (Nr. 11/Nr. 12).
  • 1o e 2o battaglione of the 1o - 12o Reggimento Fanteria, 1813–1815 (one exception)
  • 1o e 2o battaglione of 13o - 32o Reggimento Fanteria, 1815 (several exceptions)

Colori distintivi e controspalline dei reggimenti di fanteria

Provincia Colletto & Distintivi 1o Regt.
bianche
2o Regt.
rosse
3o Regt.
gialle
4o Regt.
azzurre
E. Prussia rosso mattone Nr. 1 Nr. 3 Nr. 4 Nr. 5
W. Prussia carminio Nr. 6 Nr. 7 Nr. 16 Nr. 17
Pommerania bianco Nr. 2 Nr. 9 Nr. 14* Nr. 21*
Brandenburg papavero Nr. 8 Nr. 12* Nr. 20 Nr. 24*
Silesia giallo Nr. 10 Nr. 11 Nr. 13 Nr. 15
Magdeburg blu chiaro Nr. 26 Nr. 27* Nr. 31* Nr. 32
Westphalia rosa Nr. 18* Nr. 19 Nr. 28 Nr. 29
Rhineland robbia Nr. 22* Nr. 23* Nr. 25* Nr. 30*

Brass buttons, red turnbacks, cuff patch in the coat colour. Ufficiali wore grey trousers con brass buttons ed a red sidestripe. Units marked con an * are former reserve regiments, Freikorps e battaglioni stranieri which were incorporated into the line in 1815 e which continued to wear their old uniforms at the Battle of Waterloo. Ufficiali may have received the new uniforms ahead of their men, resulting in a variety of different uniforms being worn in the same regiments.

Conversione

  • Fucilieri della Guardia (3o battaglione) del 2o Reggimento Guardia 1813–1815
  • Fucilieri (3o battaglione) del 1o - 12o Reggimento Fanteria 1813–1815
  • Fucilieri (3o battaglione) del 13o - 32o Reggimento Fanteria 1815 (with the above exception)
  • Volunteer cacciatori nella fanteria prussiana, 1813–1815
    These conversions require that the sabre is shortened e the ammo pouch is removed from the right hip. Cacciatori should have the musket trimmed to resemble the shorter hunting rifle.
  • 1o e 2o battaglione, 1o Reggimento della Guardia, 1813–1815
  • Fucilieri della Guardia (3o battaglione), 1o Reggimento della Guardia, 1813–1815
    Il 1o Reggimento della Guardia had round cuffs con lace instead of a cuff patch. Fucilieri of the 1o Reggimento della Guardia would have to be converted as fucilieri di linea, con the addition of the round cuffs. The reggimento had red collars, red facings con white lace, white shoulder-straps e buttons.

Bibliografia

These Revell soldatini represent a large part of the fanteria prussiana of the 1813-1815 period, at least 50 battaglioni con approximately 40,000 men. Possible conversion add another 25 battaglioni di fucilieri ed il 1o Reggimento Guardia. Considering these numbers e the tremendous interest in wargaming the 1813 Leipzig e 1815 Waterloo campaigns, these soldatini are sure to be a success in the market.

The soldiers are well proportioned e they are sculpted in very natural e realistic looking poses. Campaign uniform is not only historically accurate, it is much easier to paint than full-dress. Most giocatori wargame e dioramisti actually prefer soldatini in campaign uniforms, because they add flavor to the period e they are often multi-purpose troops, as is the case con these soldatini prussiani who can be painted as moschettieri, granatieri e Guardi. All of the soldatini are solid wargaming types. If tre o quattro of the musketier poses had been fucilieri instead, this box would have been perfect. No doubt, collezionisti will be delighted to see fucilieri prussiani, cacciatori, Landwehr, Lützow's Freischar ed artiglieria prussiana a piedi done in similar quality e style.

Revell Soldatini

Domande più frequenti

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Soldatini Prussiani delle Guerre Napoleoniche