Fanteria Landwehr prussiana napoleonica di Airfix. Blue undercoat, drybrushed light blue. Crossbelts painted white. The yellow facing colour of the Silesian Landwehr cannot be painted dircetly over the dark blue coat, the collar, cuffs e coloured band around the cap need to be undercoated in white, first. Blue undercoat on the face will blead through the flesh later, creating a cinque o’clock shadow.
Undercoated e drybrushed soldatini do not look very attractive at first, but the detailing work will bring them to life very quickly. Acrylic paint is used in a much thinner consistancy than was used for undercoating. Even if the undercoat is relatively dry, the moisture in the paint will activate some pigment in the undercoat, causing it to bleed into the newly applied paint.
When a light colour is applied over a dark undercoat, the resulting paint bleed may not be a desirable effect. The problem can be avoided by preparing the area con a white undercoat, before a lighter facing colour is applied. On dark blue, green e red uniforms, this is usually required. It is important to realize, that undercoating the figure in a dark base colour is still a significant time saving technique, even if lighter facing colours need to be undercoated again in white before they can be painted on. An alternative method would be to undercoat the soldatini in white, ed apply the dark coat colour brush stroke by brush stroke, prudentamente avoiding the areas that are to be painted in a lighter colour later. A very tedious process, ed one where mistakes are easily made, which will require correcting con a white undercoat anyway. Better to slop the coat colour on e not have to worry about detailing work until later.
In the event that the lighter paint layer stays in the same colour spectrum as the undercoat, paint bleed may be used intentionally to give the figure a nice shading effect. This is the case con Union troops in the guerra civile americana, where a dark blue undercoat will bleed through the light blue trousers e shade them very attractively.
Tools ed Accessories
- Size 1 e 2 Sable Paintbrushes
- Artist Acrylics
- Plastik Pallet
Grey, light blue e white trousers may usually be painted over darker base colours without a problem. The undercoat bleeds through e shades the trousers, particularly in the recessed areas, where the undercoat tends to be thicker e dissolves more easily. Excessive paint bleed can be corrected by touching up dirty spots con another round of the trouser colour. It is not essential that the trouser colour be applied perfectly. Careless strokes con a size 2 brush will apply the paint in a streaked o feathered pattern, not unlike the effect we achieve in drybrushing. Narrow stripes of the darker undercoat will be visible between stripes of the trouser colour, giving the impression of small creases in the material. In order to accentuate the shading, allow the darker undercoat to remain in shaded areas between legs ed around the edge of the jacket, where it falls over the trousers.
Khaki, medium e dark brown trousers should be undercoated in a light sand o yellowish tone e lightly stained con burnt umber. Brown shoes e boots may be stained at the same time, but using a darker tone of burnt umber.
The edges of light coloured facings on white, fawn e yellow unifoms should be prudentamente outlined con black brown airbrush colour to increase the contrast between the uniform e the facings.
Light coloured facings on dark uniforms need to be undercoated in white to prevent paint bleed ed improve the luminescence of the facing colour.
White facings on red uniforms may turn pink. It may be useful to undercoat the facings in black before they are painted white. Leave a narrow black outline around the edges of the facings, to improve contrast. The same is true for white belts e haversacks on red uniforms.
Belts e Gloves
On dark uniforms, white belts may be applied directly ed any paint bleed touched up again later. Some paint bleed may be desirable, to give a nice shading effect on those parts of the leather equipaggiamento not exposed to direct sunlight.
White e khaki belts on light coloured uniforms should be outlined con brown black airbrush colour, to increase contrast between the straps e the uniform. This outlining may be done at the same time that the folds in the uniform are shaded.
Lace e Hat Borders
Light lace on dark uniforms should be undercoated in white to prevent paint bleed and improve luminescence. White lace on white uniforms should be outlined in brown black airbrush colour, to improve contrast. Rank chevrons stand out more if the entire area of the chevron is painted black ed a small black outline is left around each stripe. Do not use airbrush colour for this work, paint bleed must be avoided in this case.
Yellow lace on tricorno hats must be undercoated in white first. Ufficiali in these reggimenti would wear gold lace instead, which may be painted on directly.
Pompoms e Cords
I shakos usually carry national cockades, coloured cords e pompoms in company colour which need to be undercoated in white before the lighter colours may be applied.
Black Leather Boots, Pouches e Knapsacks
Polished leather noticeably reflects the sunlight, any raised surfaces should be highlighted con light grey e white to show the reflection. Use an older brush con a slightly feathered tip, which will streak the paint e give it a realistic look. If you don’t like the result, immediately rub the paint off con the finger e try again.
Buttons, Buckles e Badges
Oggetti dell’uniforme made from brass o tin look very good when they are undercoated with black. The undercoat will significantly improve the luminescence of metallic paint.
Sabres, Bayonets e Gun Barrels
Like other metal parts, armi need to be undercoated in black to make the metallic paint really shine. Airbrush colour may be used very effectively to shade the metal fronts of mitres dei granatieri, the joints between blades e hilts as well as the rings around gun barrels.
The muzzles of large calibre armi should be drilled out before the entire barrel is undercoated in black. The barrel may then be painted o drybrushed in brass e shaded con airbrush colour. A final drybrush con brass o bright yellow will accentuate the fine detail e cover up any mistakes that were made during the shading process.
Pistols, Muskets, Carbines e Polearms
Any armi consisting of wood e metal part should be undercoated in light khaki e stained con burnt umber, to achieve a nice wood texture. This work should be done at the same time that hands e faces are stained, to save time. When the stain has dried, metal parts are outlined in black e painted in dark silver. The Bayonet may be drybrushed con bright silver to highlight it. Musket barrels are usually attached to the stock con tre brass barrel rings. These need to be outlined con black again e painted in brass. The barrel ring in the middle is where a red brown o white leather strap is attached to the weapon.
Pistols e carbines differ from muskets in that they carry no bayonet e there are only due barrel rings. Polearms have a metal tip which needs to be undercoated in black, painted dark silver e drybrushed con bright silver. Leave a fine outline of black between the shaft e the point, to create contrast.
Domande più frequenti
Per ulteriori informazioni, per favore contatta la redazione di Rivista Military Miniatures nel Miniatures Forum.