Dragoni Leggeri Continentali, 1775–1783

Conversions in Scala 1:76

2nd Dragoni Leggeri Continentali

Airfix offers mounted soldatini in each of its army packs della rivoluzione americana, Washington's Army e Granatieri Britannici. Except for the headgear, these soldatini are dressed in the same fashion as the cavalleria of the period. Conversion is simple, requiring only a swap of heads.

The converted soldatini have been painted to represent the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, based on an illustration in John Mollo's "Uniformi della Rivoluzione Americana". At least some members of this reggimento are recorded wearing brass elmetti dei dragoni in stile francese, instead of the typical black leather cap con a coloured turbante, e nappe gialle. A bill signed by Colonel Blackden of the 2nd Light Dragoons provides further evidence that brass for the elmetti was purchased.

Suitable heads con brass elmetti may be scrounged from corazzieri francesi napoleonici made by Airfix. The new heads are attached con pins cut from 0.6 mm piano wire, e secured con superglue o PVA white glue. Il elmo dei corazzieri napoleonico has a taller crest than the earlier elmo dei dragoni francese, but the difference is hardly noticeable at this scale.

If Airfix soldatini are unavailable, Revell's Guerra dei Sette Anni dragoni austriaci may be used instead, although their large cuffs would have to be cut down to resemble the closer fit dell'uniformi della rivoluzione americana. Heads in scala 1:72 may be taken from corazzieri francesi di ESCI.

Parts Required

  • Ufficiale americano a cavallo, Airfix 01739
  • Ufficiale britannico a cavallo, Airfix 01740
  • Elmi dei corazzieri francesi, Airfix 01736

Dragoni Leggeri, Legionary Corps, e State Cavalleria

Cavalleria played an important role in the war, providing scouts, patrols, escorts, mounted e dismounted skirmishers. Mounted troops were difficult to raise, e very expensive to maintain, e there were rarely more than 1,000 Dragoni Leggeri Continentali available at any time during the war. The 1st, 3rd, e 4th Light Dragoons were amalgamated in 1780, following heavy losses. The mixed unit had quattro troops, ed it was later designated the 3rd Legionary Corps. Ufficiali e NCOs of the 1st e 4th reggimenti subsequently reformed their units. Tutti quattri reggimenti of Dragoni Leggeri Continentali were converted to Legionary Corps in 1781, composed of mounted e dismounted troops.

Continental Light Dragoons 1777-1781

Reggimento Uniforme Distintivi Panciotto Copricapo
Col. Bland's Virginia Horse, 1776
1st Continental Light Dragoons
1st Legionary Corps, 1781
marrone,
bottoni gialli
verde verde berretto nero, con turbante verde, e nappa gialla
2nd Continental Light Dragoons
Col. Blackden
2nd Legionary Corps, 1781
blu,
bottoni bianchi
bianco bianco elmo d'ottone, con turbante tan, e cresta bianca
3rd Continental Light Dragoons
Col. George Baylor's Dragoons
3rd Legionary Corps, 1781
bianco,
bottoni bianchi
blu chiaro bianco berretto nero, con turbante blu chiaro, e piuma bianca
4th Continental Light Dragoons
4th Legionary Corps, 1781
verde,
bottoni bianchi
rosso rosso berretto nero, con turbante nero, e cresta bianca
Provost Corps, 1778-1783
Major Bartholomew von Heer
blu
bottoni bianchi
giallo,
bianco turnbacks
giallo berretto nero, con turbante nero, e cresta nera

Legionary Corps 1781-1783

Cavalleria Uniforme Distintivi Panciotto Copricapo
Charles Dabney's Virginia Legion
Major Nelson's Corps of Cavalleria
blu,
bottoni bianchi
blu,
rosso (),
blu turnbacks
bianco elmo Tarleton nero, con cresta nera
Pulaski's Legion*, 1778-1780
Count Pulaski's lancieri polacchi
carried a lance con white over
rosso pennon.
Due uniform styles are known,
the second one being using during
the southern campaign.
blu,
giallo trim,
bottoni bianchi
& hussar lace
blu,
giallo trim,
bianco turnbacks
bianco berretto nero, con stella d’argento, turbante grigio, pennacchio bianco, e cresta bianca
Pulaski's Legion*, 1778-1780
Count Pulaski's lancieri polacchi
carried a lance con white over
rosso pennon.
Due uniform styles are known,
the second one being using during
the southern campaign.
blu rosso,
rosso o white
turnbacks
bianco berretto nero, con stella d’argento, turbante grigio, pennacchio bianco, cresta bianca
Armand's Legion
Col. Armand
Marquis de la Rouerie.
The second uniform style was
seen during the southern campaign.
blu,
bottoni gialli
buff,
bianco turnbacks
bianco elmo Tarleton nero, con pennacchio bianco, e cresta nera
Armand's Legion
Col. Armand
Marquis de la Rouerie.
The second uniform style was
seen during the southern campaign.
blu,
bottoni gialli
buff buff elmo Tarleton nero, con pennacchio bianco, e cresta nera
Lee's Legion
Detachment of 1st Lt. Dragoons
Major Henry Lee
buff,
bottoni gialli
verde verde berretto nero, con turbante verde, e nappa gialla

State Cavalleria

gallone d’oro
Squadrone o Reggimento Uniforme Distintivi Panciotto Copricapo
Connecticut
11th Reggimento Milizia
Light Horse Company
blu,
bottoni gialli
blu bianco tricorno, con gallone d’oro
Rhode Island
Independent Troop of Horse
Captain-General's Cavaliers
blu,
bottoni gialli
bianco bianco
NY, Albany County
Troop of Horse
blu,
bottoni bianchi
Tricorne, con gallone d’argento
NY, King's County
Troop of Horse
blu,
bottoni bianchi
rosso Tricorne, con gallone d’argento
Light Horse of the
City of Philadelphia, 1774-1783
marrone,
bottoni bianchi
bianco bianco berretto nero, con turbante giallo, e cresta coda di volpe
Pennsylvania
Light Horse**
marrone,
bottoni bianchi
bianco bianco? cappello rotondo, con gallone d’argento, e coda di capriolo maschino
Virginia
Light Horse***
blu paramani rossi
South Carolina
Regiment of Horse, 1761-75
blu,
bottoni gialli
rosso rosso Tricorne, con gallone d’oro
North Carolina
Light Horse
blu rosso

* The lancieri polacchi di Count Pulaski's legion may qualify as trained lancieri in wargames.
** It is known that the Pennsylvania Light Horse carried a yellow standard.
*** Virginia Light Horse was apparently armed a spear, tomahawk, e due pistols.

On campaign, ufficiali e cavalieri stowed their equipaggiamento personale in large leather saddlebags. Due Pistols were standard issue, e they were carried in pistol holsters britannici con fur covers, attached forward of the saddle. If regimental saddle blankets were available, they would have been in the coat colour, edged in the regimental facing colour. Most reggimenti had turnbacks in the facing colour, except where noted above.

Dragoni Leggeri Continentali are a must have for anyone interested in the American War of Independence. The units are so attractive that the collector e wargamer will want them all. Soldatini di dragoni leggeri are not readily available, but conversion is easy, because of the limited numbers of mounted troops involved in the war. Only 2 soldatini per reggimento are required if a grand-tactical game system like Volley & Bayonet is used.

Anthony De Lyall & Klaus Schultheis

Bibliografia

Domande più frequenti

Per ulteriori informazioni, per favore contatta la redazione di Rivista Military Miniatures nel Miniatures Forum.

Soldatini della Guerra di Indipendenza Americana