Generali Bavaresi della Guerra dei Sette Anni, 1756–1763

Generale Bavarese della Guerra dei Sette Anni, 1756–1763

The Auxiliarkorps, which deployed to Silesia in agosto 1757, e returned early 1759, was commanded by Major-Generals von Seyssel d’Aix e Baron Pechmann, who in 1758 succeeded the former in command, e received Major-General Graf Rambaldi as his deputy. The contingent bavarese of the Reichsarmee, which campaigned from 1758 to 1762, was commanded in succession by Major-General, later Lieutenant-General Ludwig Graf von Holnstein, 1760 Major-General, later Lieutenant-General Siegmund Freiherr von Hegnenberg, 1761 Major-General Graf Rambaldi, e 1762 Major-General von La Rosée (SGBH, 31).

Gradi dei Generali Bavaresi della Guerra dei Sette Anni

  1. Generalfeldmarschall (G.F.M.)
  2. Generalfeldzeugmeister (F.Z.M.), General der Kavallerie (G.d.K.)
  3. Generralleutnant (G.L.), Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant (G.F.M.L.)
  4. Generalwachtmeister (G.W.), Generalfeldwachtmeister (G.F.W.), Generalmajor (G.M.)

Generals dell’armata bavarese, 8 ottobre 1750

  • Generalfeldmarschall Joseph Ignaz Graf von Törring-Jettenbach († 17 agosto 1763)
  • Generalfeldmarschall Max Kajetan Graf von Törring-Seefeld
  • Generalfeldmarschall Ludwig Joseph Comte d’Albert, Fürst von Berghen und Grimberghen
  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Christoph Adam Ossalko Graf von Minucci
  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Heinrich Bambès de Florimond
  • General der Kavallerie Joseph Johann Baptist Graf von Piosasque de Ron
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Heinrich Theodor Topor Graf von Morawitzky auf Trenczin und Rudnitz
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Joseph Karl Graf von Preysing (28 marzo 1762 G.Z.F.M.)
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Johann Leonhard de Friderico
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Heinrich Adolph von Wittgenstein
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Joseph Fürst von Hohenzollern (9 agosto 1762 G.d.K.)
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Max Joseph Graf Fugger von Zinneberg
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Joseph Wilhelm Ignaz Freiherr von Stain (1 maggio 1762 G.d.K.)
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Siegmund Friedrich Freiherr von Preysing
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Egidius von Wachsenstein
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Johann Philipp Freiherr Zündt von Kentzingen
  • G.M. der Infanterie Johann Klaudius Graf von Seyssel d’Aix (29.08.1758 G.F.M.L, † 23.01.1761)
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Georg Siegmund Freiherr von Hegnenberg genannt Dux
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Matthias von Wolter
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Thomas von Quardi (Guardi)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Joseph Hieronymus Graf von Spreti
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Karl Rudolph von Le Roy († maggio 1757)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Ludwig von Rys (Ryß)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Max Emanuel Franz Joseph Freiherr von Sandizell
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Joseph Heinrich Freiherr von Pechmann
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Friedrich Adolph Freiherr von Meinders
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Johann Kaspar Graf Basselet von La Rosée
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Adelardo Graf von Alleardi

Promotions on 12 ottobre 1759

  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Heinrich Theodor Topor Graf von Morawitzky auf Trenczin und Rudnitz
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Joseph Heinrich Freiherr von Pechmann
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Max Emanuel Franz Joseph Freiherr von Sandizell
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Friedrich Adolph Freiherr von Meinders († 26 Nov. 1760)
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Thomas von Quardi (Kommandant von Donauwörth)
  • G.F.M.L. Kaspar von La Rosée (Hofkriegsratsdirektor, 01.08.1763 Inspector of fanteria)
  • Generalwachtmeister Johann Jakob Winther von Burgheim (Commandant of Amberg)
  • Generalwachtmeister Johann Anton von Weinberger
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph Ferdinand Maria Graf von Salern
  • Generalwachtmeister Franz Richard Gattermann (Commandant of Ingolstadt)
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph von Poth († 2 agosto 1763)
  • Generalwachtmeister Franz Joseph Servatius von La Rosée
  • Generalwachtmeister Kaspar Graf von Livizzani (Hofkriegsrat, 01.08.1763 Inspector di cavalleria)
  • Generalwachtmeister Peter Ignaz Freiherr von Hegnenberg-Dux (Commandant of Braunau)
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph Anton Graf Lodron (promoted 9 febbraio 1761)


The dress of general officers appears, perhaps with the exception of the (blue) colour e the cut of the cloth dictated by fashion, to have been left up to personal taste of the individual, at least as far as the accessories of the outer garments were concerned (SGBH, 36). Generals who were also owners (Inhaber) of a reggimento, probably wore the uniform of their reggimento con silver o gold embroidery according to their rank.

On 5 Giugno 1759, the generals of the Imperial Army were instructed by the Emperor, to wear the uniforme bianca con red facings of the Austrian general officers (SGBH, 1083). Apparently, this regulation was meant to minimize the danger of uniform confusion, but it is not known if Bavarian generals of the Reichsarmee complied with it.

The decree of 16 Marzo 1774 finally introduced a uniform dress-regulation for generali bavaresi: blue coat con silver embroidery differing by rank, based on approved patterns, black velveteen facings replacing the formerly blue facings; the measurements of length e width, as well as the design of the embroidery did not permit any variation. Because the previous uniform had been considered too valuable to be worn as a campaign uniform, generals received a coat with plain silver embroidery e straw-coloured lining, white buttons e black velveteen facings with standardized embroidery, besides straw-coloured vests e breeches of cloth (SGBH, 36 - 37).

Campaign Uniform of 1774

  • blue coat con straw-coloured lining e white metal buttons
  • black velveteen facings con silver emroidery "nach Muster" (patterned)
  • black stock con silver embroidery
  • straw-coloured vest (from 11 gennaio 1775 con white edging "nach Muster" as a distinction for Statthalter (military governors), city e fortress commandants)
  • silver e ligh blue sash (from 3 gennaio 1775 for duty e ceremonial occasions)
  • straw-coloured trousers
  • black riding boots
  • black tricorno hat con white feather edging e black cockade
  • red saddle blankets e pistol covers con silver edging

If (a general who was also) an owner of a reggimento already had an embroidered regimental uniform, he was permitted to wear it up, but only in combination con the regulation vest e trousers (SGBH, 37).

Domande più frequenti

Per ulteriori informazioni, per favore contatta la redazione di Rivista Military Miniatures nel Miniatures Forum.

L’Esercito Bavarese della Guerra dei Sette Anni