Reggimento Fanteria Bavarese Principe Ereditario in Baviera, 1756–1763

Reggimento Fanteria Bavarese Principe Ereditario in Baviera, 1756–1763

The Inhaber of Reggimento Fanteria Kurprinz was the current electoral prince of Bavaria. With the accession to the throne of Charles Albert, Elector of Bavaria, as Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII Albert, on 12 February 1742, Infanterie-Regiment Kurprinz adopted the name of the electoral prince, which it kept until 20 August 1745. By decree of 28 August 1753, the regiment was reduced from three battalions to two battalions with 2 grenadier e 8 Füsilier companies. The supernumerary companies were used to raise a new regiment, which the elector Kurfürst offered to Generalmajor Ludwig Graf Holnstein aus Bayern by executive ordinance of 4 Mai (SGBH, 121).

From April 1757, the Kurprinz regiment deployed one field battalion for service with the Auxiliar-Korps of the Austrian army. The battalion returned to Austria in August 1758 for rest e recuperation, e it soon returned to its Amberg garrison via Straubing, reaching Amberg on 1 September. Due to the low strength of the field battalion, the regiment was permitted to even the number of rank e file of both battalions.

On 16 May 1759, the Kurprinz regiment deployed one battalion to Ingolstadt, one grenadier company e three ufficiali with 100 Füsiliers to the Rothenberg Fortress to thwart a possible incursion of Prussian troops into the Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz). A detachment of one officer e 50 men was sent to Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz. On 20 August, the regiment was able to withdraw its battalion from Ingolstadt e the two detachments at Neumarkt e Rothenberg (partially) to Amberg. The grenadier company remained on the Rothenberg. On 22 February 1761, 150 Füsiliers of the regiment deployed to the Rothenberg e relieved 180 men of Infanterie-Regiment Herold, who returned to their Garrison at Amberg. Kurprinz e Herold now took turns guarding the Rothenberg for three months tours of duty.

Owners

  • Max Joseph Kurprinz in Bayern, 28 March 1727
  • Ludwig Carl August Kurprinz in Bayern, 21 February 1799
  • Ludwig Carl August Kronprinz in Bayern, 1 January 1806
  • Maximilian Kronprinz von Bayern, 13 Oktober 1825

Following the accession to the throne by Kurprinz Max Joseph, the regiment kept its name until it received Kurprinz Ludwig Carl August as the new Inhaber.

Colonnelli

  • Oberst Johann Martin von Lacolonie, January 1744
  • Oberst Johann Albrecht von Krays, 15 July 1744
  • Oberst Franz Richard Gattermann, 1757–1759
  • Oberst Ferdinand Freiherr von und zu Freyen-Seyboltstorff, 1759
  • Oberst Bernhard von Dury, 1759–1763
  • Oberst Kaspar Joseph von Peckhofen (Peckhoff), 1763
  • Oberst Franz von Reinberg (Reinberger), 1771
  • Oberst Anton Freiherr von Onz, 1775

Guarnigione

  • Straubing (staff e 6 companies)
    Stadtamthof (3 coys.), ed Amberg (8 coys.), September 1752
  • Amberg (staff e 1 Btl.), e Rothenberg (1 Btl.), 20 June 1756
  • Amberg, February 1757
  • Straubing, August 1757
  • Amberg, May 1758
  • Ingolstadt (1 Bataillon), Rothenberg (1 grenadier company, 3 ufficiali e 100 Füsiliers),
    Neumarkt (1 officer e 50 men), 16 May 1759
  • Amberg (regiment) e Rothenberg (1 grenadier company), 20 August 1759
  • Amberg, 1 March 1760
  • Straubing, September 1764

Struttura

  • Regimentsstab (stato)
  • Io Leib-Battaglione
    • 1a Compagnia di Granatieri
    • 1a (Leib)Compagnia
    • 3a Compagnia
    • 5a Compagnia
    • 7a Compagnia
    • due cannoni reggimentali da 3 libbre
  • IIo Obristen-Battaglione (battaglione di colonnello)
    • 2a Compagnia di Granatieri
    • 2a Compagnia
    • 4a Compagnia
    • 6a Compagnia
    • 8a Compagnia
    • due cannoni reggimentali da 3 libbre

Due companies formed a division of the reggimento, numbered from the flanks toward the center. Cannoni reggimentali were deployed on both flanks of a battaglione, o on the flanks, e tra la 3a e 4a divisione del reggimento.

Uniforme

  • white coat with yellow buttons
  • white collar
  • white lapels with 8 buttons e buttonholes right e left
    2 buttons below the right lapel, e 2 buttonholes below the left
  • white cuffs with three buttons
  • white turnbacks
  • white shoulder-strap on the left
  • black stock
  • white vest with yellow buttons
  • white breeches
  • black gaiters with yellow buttons
  • black tricorno hat with yellow edging, black cockade, white/blue pompom (SGBH, 291), e company pompoms (SGBH, 293)
  • dark brown fur cap for grenadiers, with red bag, white lace e pompom
  • drummers wore dark blue uniforms, with narrow blue lace, arranged horizontally
  • duty officers wore a golden gorget
  • officers' horses had a dark blue shabraque edged yellow (SGBH, 308), e the same pistol covers
Infanterie-Regiment Kurprinz in Bayern based for Volley & Bayonet

The Old Glory 15 mm soldatini di stagno pictured here are mouted on a 76 mm wide e 38 mm deep wargame base, called regimental stand in Volley & Bayonet. The buildings in the background belong to a 100 × 150 mm city block compatible with this game system, which may be occupied by two regiments or one infantry brigade stand.

Soldatini

  • Fanteria Austriaca, 1:72 Soldatini Revell 02574
  • Fanteria Austriaca, 15 mm Soldatini di Stagno Old Glory SYA01
  • Granatieri Austriaci, 15 mm Soldatini di Stagno Old Glory SYA02

Storia delle Campagne

  • The grenadier company deploys to Rothenberg fortress, 10 September 1756
  • The battalion on the Rothenberg is relieved by one battalion of Régiment d'Infanterie Pechmach (without grenadiers), 11 February 1757
  • II. Bataillon is mobilized for service with the Auxiliarkorps, 6 April 1757
  • Assedio di Schweidnitz, 1757
  • Battaglia di Breslau, 1757
  • Battaglia di Leuthen, 1757
  • Presa di Troppau, 1758
  • Assedio di Olmütz, 1758
  • Return from campaign, 26 August 1758
  • Detachment of 150 Füsiliers deployed on the Rothenberg, 22 February 1760
  • The grenadier company on the Rothenberg is relieved, 1 March 1760
  • The Füsilier detachment on the Rothenberg is relieved, March 1763

Tradizione

  • 2. Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment Kronprinz, 1902
  • 19. (Bayerisches) Infanterie-Regiment, 4., 15. und 16. Kompanie, 1921

Régiment d'Infanterie Kurprinz in Bayern looks very attractive in its blue uniform with white facings. Wargamers may use Austrian Seven Years' War figures if there are no dedicated Bavarian soldatini available in the chosen figure scale.

Domande più frequenti

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L'Esercito Bavarese della Guerra dei Sette Anni